Lower Egypt

Ancient Egypt was widespread into two regions: upper and lower Egypt. Lower (north) Egypt lied of the Nile River's delta made by the river as it discharges into the Mediterranean. Today the Delta is 15000 square miles of alluvium (silt), which has been situated over the centuries by the annual inundation of the Nile. Prior to the New Kingdom (before about 1539 B.C.), this area was only thinly settled, although it was used as a shaving area for cattle. Its high water table in modern times has made archeological mining for evidence of settlements hard.

Lower Egypt
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